In business practice the concept of online marketing and internet marketing are used interchangeably, which is quite legitimate, as the most of the e-marketing (another term, used more rarely) operations carried out today is the Internet.

  • The object of marketing activity on the electronic market is the information-analytical and expert-research activity of the enterprise using:
  • web-based information systems and technology at the option of the competitive position in this market;
  • the definition of strategies of promotion and distribution of goods;
  • selection of advertising and price policy taking into account all factors of external and internal environment in the conditions of risk and uncertainty.

The subject of marketing activity on the electronic market stands as a classic marketing activities initiated by the business owner or staff, although 3rd party organisations can be attracted. Cooperating with 3rd party companies can be a more effective option – thus, such agencies as HTP Digital, specialising in digital marketing Manchester area and UK region in general, boast impressive ROI numbers when it comes to promoting even such sophisticated services as plasmic burning or ultrasound cleaning. This activity is regulated by a specific technology with the use of methods of analysis and processing of digital information electronic market to achieve their goals. The process of marketing management in the electronic market reflects a set of operations and procedures performed by employees of marketing services in a specific sequence.

  1. It includes: collection and analysis of information about the behaviour of the market and competition on it by the opportunities of the Internet, the repository of corporate databases;
  2. examination of stochastic and dynamic processes in this segment of the market;
  3. modeling of psychological reactions of consumer behavior and strategies of the company in the electronic market in the conditions of risk and uncertainty, the formulation of new strategies for the development of current markets, market penetration, strategic alliances and consolidation, diversification strategies, and others.


Ultrasonic vibrations application increases the effectiveness of degreasing, etching and cleaning the parts in detergent solutions and water in a great way. In the propagation of ultrasonic waves in the liquid rises to the so-called sound (acoustic) flows which have a vortical nature, and the propagation velocity of up to hundreds of centimeters per second, vigorously facilitating surface cleaning. However, the most important factor in the influence of ultrasonic vibrations to the liquid medium is cavitation.

Cavitation magic

The phenomenon of cavitation is presence of microscopic gas bubbles and tiny solid particles, which serve as its center and embryos. Under the influence of ultrasonic field gas bubbles periodically expand, contract the surface and blow causing cavitating. Cavitation occurs when the bubble oscillations achieve a certain diameter. So, quite large bubbles under the influence of ultrasonic vibrations alternately compressed and expanded, not slamming, rise to the surface of the liquid and stand out from it. While the bubbles are less than 60 microns in diameter are not foldable, they perform oscillating movements and provide a cleansing effect on the wafer surface as a kind of mechanical scrapers. With the collapse of the bubbles appear instantaneous local pressure, reaching tens of thousands of kilopascals.

The removal processes in the ultrasonic field of soluble and insoluble impurities takes place differently. During the purification from soluble contaminants the movement of the wash liquids plays a vital role. In this case, the acoustic flows accelerate the dissolution of pollution and provide quick removal of contaminants from the surface being cleaned. When cleaning the insoluble impurities plays the main role of mechanical failure due to cavitation. In this case, under high pressures arising from the collapse of the bubbles, cracking occurs film surface dirt and partial peeling them from the surface being cleaned. Oscillating gas bubbles penetrate the exfoliated film, tear them away from the surface and the dirt particles are carried away by the acoustic flux.

An important advantage is the ability of cavitation bubbles to penetrate into the deep pores and grooves parts of complex design and configuration that can not be cleaned by any other means. Despite the high maintenance costs, some systems already demonstrate a considerable operational expenses decrease. Thus, Hilsonic, a prominent UK-based manufacturer, offers a comprehensive line-up of ultrasonic cleaner equipment, claims an average customer saves up to 18% on operational expenses. (more…)

Flanges production is a complex technical process. Manufacturing a nicely crafted item is hardly possible without scrupulous adherence to the production technology. Since the flanges are operate under different conditions, the external and internal influences (humidity, temperature, pressure, and so forth), as well as properties of the transported material should be taken into account. Therefore, when choosing the desired flange a specialist needs to be sure it complies with the specified requirements.

A true to type flange is a flat disc or ring made of steel with holes for connecting bolts (stud bolts). It is used for hermetic connection of tanks, pipes and so forth. The flange provides a solid connection which, nevertheless, still contributes to easy assembling and dismantling. Flat flanges are utilised to connect pipes and valves, several pipes, pipes and some equipment and etc.

The blanks for the manufacture of the flanges are typically obtained by molding, stamping, and in rare cases by means of forging. In addition, a standard flange rolling, sheets or rods, can be used in production. In this case, the first segment of the blank is performed using plasma or laser cutting, as well as a gas burner; once that is done, the future flange is sent to cutting machine.

Regional flange manufacturing standards

For example, in Germany the flat flanges are manufactured in strict accordance to the German standard DIN, in Europe – EN, in the United States – ASME/ANSI. Despite the fact that standard requirements are similar, they do differ in the methods of verification.

When installing sophisticated equipment standard production means may hardly be the suitable option. In this case, the bespoke flanges are produced with the quality of the machined surfaces meeting the stated requirements.

The Basics Of Flanges Production

Flanges are used as connecting elements in laying pipelines. With their help provided tight connection of separate parts of the pipeline and the attachment of fittings/equipment.

Previously for such purposes forged parts were used. To date, they have been crowded out by more reliable standard and bespoke flanges. The fabrication of the coupling elements became less costly; moreover, it provides incomparable efficiency in operation. Thus, forged steel flanges outperform its outdated competitors in flexibility and ease of use. Not only the construction is beneficial itself, the innovative companies, such as AlexanderComley, produce stainless steel flanges and tubesheets armed with neoteric equipment, which allows manufacturing truly cost-efficient tools.

Flanges are usually mounted as pairs, forming the so-called flanged connection. Due to its strength and suitability for a wide range of pressures, the flange connection is commonly used for connection of pipeline shut-offs and control valves.

When connecting the individual parts of the pipeline steel and welded flanges. Basically, there are several production options used by manufacturers:

  • hot stamping
  • gas cutting
  • centrifugal electroslag casting

In the first case, the steel is heated and a blank is stamped. Then workpiece is adjusted to the desired parameters with the help of machine. Several holes are drilled for mounting bolts. Manufacture of parts by gas cutting, as the name implies, involves the use of welding equipment. The blank is cut from the sheet steel of a given thickness. The further process is the same: through the use of machine tools, a workpiece is given the necessary form and size.

The method of bending a steel strip allows producing butt weld fittings UK production AlexanderComley is actively engaged in. The process of production is as follows: steel strip of required thickness is heated. Then, it is bent according to the shape and diameter of the future flange. The seam is welded, and the finished flanges are mounted with supply pipe for connection with the conduit.

Geophysical borehole exploration is a part of a complex of measures aimed to define the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of oil, gas or water deposits in particular region. The traditional understanding of GBE (geophysical borehole exploration) has managed to transform into a huge branch of geophysics. In a broader sense, borehole drilling exploration results are not only represented by documents, depicting the area of a couple of square meters, but also with details on the composition and particular feature of the surrounding area within tens or hundreds of meters. The intensive use of borehole exploration techniques allowed achieving better results in site organization and exploitation of the natural deposits. Thus, the borehole exploration contributes to a sharp reduction in sampling during drilling, providing the drilling company with comprehensive data on the area, as well as reducing operational expenses.

Borehole exploration in practice

The borehole exploration methods are designed to study the geological section and identify the layers of different lithology in particular, determine the angles and azimuths of their fall, the deposit of minerals in the profiles and estimate porosity, permeability and reservoir properties of the surrounding rocks and their possible oil and gas production. A technical inspection of a borehole is carried out via special equipment (used to define the diameter, curvature, the presence of cement in the annulus and etc.), as well as walls sampling, casing perforation and so on. The physical properties of rocks, defined as a result of research in boreholes, serve to obtain the particular geological information directly.

The efficiency of borehole exploration is fairly considered to be very high, especially in oil and structural geology, where borehole drilling is followed by geophysical surveys. The methods are widely applied in the search for metallic and non-metallic minerals.

The industry has recently welcomed a brand-new device that heralds a new era of advanced mechanical ventilation: an extremely compact VOC removal sensor that can be equipped in virtually any exhaust system.

To adjust the threshold, the most advanced gadgetry offers setting one of the six possible levels to enhance the peak air flow. The adjustment is made on the potentiometer located under the front cover of the device.

When VOC level doesn’t exceed the permissible level, the air flow remains on the minimum level. Green light under the clear lens on the front panel indicates that indoor air quality is satisfactory. When the level of air pollution exceeds the set value, the peak air flow mode will be activated automatically, lasting as long as the air quality will not match the specified value. The maximum air flow quickly reduces the concentration of pollutants and exhaust device returns to the normal regime. Activation of hyper-regime is possible within 20 minutes intervals. All this not only ensures excellent indoor air quality, but also limits heat loss, since while the level of pollutants does not exceed a predetermined value, the air flow remains minimal.

Setpoint activation of peak air flow can be adjusted at any time by removing the front cover and changing the settings of the potentiometer.

This system is designed primarily for small spaces (close spaces with bulky equipment, bunds walls and etc.), areas where high emissivity materials are used, e.g. treated wood, laminate, carpeting and finishing materials on the basis of plastic. Another natural domain of application is ships cabins and mobile homes. Among other things, this version is ideal for proper odour control systems in dressing rooms (for efficient sweat smell removal).

Ventilation of underground car parks requires powerful units designed for continuous operation. This circumstance gave rise to the use of two fan types: centrifugal and axial with straight blades ones. The fans of medium and large capacity are installed in separate engine rooms. The air intake should be implemented at a distance from pollution sources.

Rainwater hoods as a complex of car parking ventilation system installation

Depending on the type of the construction it may be necessary to carry out the organisation of the rainwater in addition to installing the car park ventilation system. The installation of a true to type rainwater hood requires solving a number of problems. The exhaust grilles should be located above the level of the roadway and sidewalk. The exhaust air flow rate should be sufficient to ensure rapid dispersion of pollutants in the atmosphere; the recommended rate should be at least 10 m/sec. The exhaust ducts must be sealed against the ingress of rainwater, especially in vertical ducts connected directly with fans.

Noise pollution nuances

An average covered car parking ventilation system has a tremendous impact on the level of noise. Due to the high level of noise near the car parking lot, created by supply and exhaust fans in conjunction with an exceptional sound reflecting ability of the materials utilised in construction, the sound of the approaching car is not always clear, which represents particular risk to people passing by the parking area. In this regard, in order to ensure the safety of the installation, the silencing mechanism are typically mounted.
By the way, an additional risk factor is represented by dim lighting; however, with the introduction of LED technologies, boasting its cost-efficiency and effectiveness, the problem seems to be partially solved.

Doubtlessly, the use of scrap metals sharply reduces operational expenses: while the cost of metal is reduced by eliminating the costs of implementing the preceding operations preparation of raw materials and smelting. In general, the capital intensity of using recycled metals is lower than the one from ore.

Energy saving issue in the production of metals represents particular importance in the context of the energy crisis, as most metals are obtained using energy-intensive metallurgical or electrochemical processes. Therefore, a scrap metal dealer involved in processing scrap metal can reduce energy consumption for aluminum by 94%, 83% for copper, 78% for zinc, 74% for steel and 64% for lead.

Currently, almost 100 % of steel, zinc, lead, magnesium, copper, silver and gold as well as 30-60 % of other metals is processed by scrap metal enterprises. Taking into consideration the technological imperfections and a huge field for improvement in scrap metal processing industry, this metallurgical branch will hold its positions tightly for long years to come.

Mentioned below are the main incentives and benefits of all the scrap metal types:

  • A reduced need in natural resources extraction (which are seriously depleted by now)
  • A broad range of environmental improvements
  • A considerable reduction of fuel consumption needed to acquire raw materials
  • A decrease in global metals scattering and dispersion

As noted above, the reuse of metals and alloys can be defined as recycling, since virtually the same metal can be used in production up to 100 times; and the fact is underlined taking into account the that metallurgical enterprises typically adopt direct recovery (meaning that the metals are returned for recycling within the workshop of the factory).